Signs of Hair Damage, having healthy, strong hair and a great hairstyle can boost self-confidence. An effective hair care routine using the right products can help keep your tresses in excellent condition and prevent hair and scalp damage. Here are some useful hair care tips!
The hair that grows on top of the head is different from the hair that grows elsewhere on the body. This is because the scalp is rich in blood vessels, and contains more hair follicles and sebaceous glands than any other part of the body. The sebum produced protects the skin surface and promotes the growth of healthy hair.
Hair shafts, or what we call hair strands, are considered “dead” since they have no biochemical activity. The real growth occurs inside hair roots, which are covered by hair follicles. Connective tissues in the skin’s layers form the hair follicles and help nourish hair.
What Causes Hair Damage?
Hair growth slows down as we age, and hair damage or even loss may occur due to a number of factors, both internal and external. In fact, the health and appearance of your hair also reflect your body’s overall health.
Signs of hair damage such as breakage, brittleness, hair loss or dryness may be caused by the following:
The body’s hormones significantly affect the appearance and growth of hair. For women, menstrual cycles, pregnancy and childbirth may cause hormone levels to fluctuate, leading to brittleness, breakage, dullness and even temporary hair loss. Hormones may also be affected by illness.
Lack of nutrients due to an inadequate diet can affect hair appearance and growth. “When a person has an eating disorder or is omitting certain foods from her diet, this can adversely affect the health and appearance of the hair,” said dermatologist Zoe D. Draelos in her talk at the American Academy of Dermatology’s (ADA) SKIN Academy on hair care. “Hair that is not getting enough nutrition from the foods we eat doesn’t grow well and it won’t have that radiant, healthy glow.”
Blow-drying, or using a straightening or curling iron can seriously fry your hair, especially if you have frizzy, dry hair or already damaged hair. When exposed to high temperatures, the keratin strands in hair change shape, resulting in weaker and less elastic hair. In extreme cases, hair can even melt and burn, making it susceptible to further damage.
Incorrect or excessive use of hair products like shampoo, conditioner, styling treatments and colorants can also cause damage. Residue from hair gels, waxes and sprays mixed with excess sebum, dirt and sweat on the scalp and hair shafts can contribute to further hair and scalp problems.
5. Improper Styling and Grooming
Using a hair brush on wet hair creates unnecessary tension on hair shafts, stretching them to nearly breaking point. The myth of brushing hair with 100 strokes also has no proven benefits. Extremely restrictive hair styles such as tight ponytails, hair buns, braids or cornrows can also inhibit hair growth.